Sanchit: Sorry for taking so long to respond. I must have missed your notice. To answer your questions:
1: While I have delineated four salient features of the TDG — tiered indirect elections, voting based on character and capacity, a culture of consultation, and an advisory board — each TDG is going to design itself. In the first two stages of TDG development, the TDG builders need not be overly concerned about these other institutions. In Stage 3, they should start thinking about it.
In Chapter 6, I outline a process of moving the TDG into actual governance (in four stages). In this process, the builders leave the judicial system alone — to be reformed at a later time (or maybe not at all). But I can see the possibilities of a Stage 3 TDG working on a new kind of institution for the judicial side. This kind of decision will be up to the TDG builders, not me.
2. The TDG will very much be a law based organizations. The difference will be that laws will more relevant, more timely, and more amenable to modification. The higher ranking TDG representatives will have a sounder mindset to deal with changes any society needs to make.
3. The scope will be whatever the TDG wants to have. I see a better balance between centralization and decentralization of decision making than before. These “responsibilities” will move up and down the hierarchy as directed by the higher ranking TDG represenatives.
I hope this answers your questions.