This article could go in lots of different directions. Consider writing a series on it.

I have one of those jobs where I do one hour of “real work” for each three hours I am employed. But the nature of my real work is that I’m not sure when those real tasks are going to happen. I have to work my full shift to be available for when the real work occurs.

BTW, I do have a side project to work on when my work tasks are low. Maybe my employer will benefit from this side project some day. But I recognize that many employees do not think this way: they would use idle time to be idle.

The turning of full-time jobs to part-time jobs to not pay benefits to employees is not a good sign that society is progressing. But if we had a UBI, this would be less of an issue.

As for Americans (and many westerners) working more hours, I would say that many are making a free market choice. There are lots of people who are beyond a subsistence level of income, but still yet freely choose to work overtime to get themselves into a more materialistic lifestyle. I think your study needs to segregate those people who must work overtime and those who just want to buy more things.

Dave Volek is the inventor of “Tiered Democratic Governance”. Let’s get rid of all political parties! Visit

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